Determinants of the Private Costs of Primary and Early Childhood Education: Findings from Plateau State, Nigeria


This study examines the variability of private expenditure on primary and pre-primary education in a developing country and its relationship with characteristics of households, schools and pupils. Findings are reported from two small surveys, in one urban and one rural area, located in a part of Africa where there is a marked contrast in funding and organization between public and private schools. Implications are discussed for the presentation of the private costs of education in general, and for educational policy issues in the Nigerian context. Changes are advocated which would enhance cooperation between public and private educational agencies.