Education is a big industry in Nigeria. At the Primary and Secondary (High school) levels schools are being established on a regular basis. It is however not an all comers ‘market’ as certain guidelines must be followed as part of schools’ accreditation; and certification at the completion of school programmes. Education is on the concurrent legislative list, making these issues to vary from state to state. With public examining at the end of senor secondary school (SSS), issues having a bearing on accreditation and certification may show some uniformity. This paper attempts to explore the accreditation and certification issues as they relate to the nine-year basic education programme to bring out the similarities and differences across states. The same issues as they operate within the SSS programme would also be examined. In addition, commonalities and differences between the two levels are outlined and import for educational development particularly for developing countries are carefully examined.