Developing Effective Private Education in Nigeria (DEEPEN) Evaluation Framework and Plan


The report begins by introducing our approach to the evaluation framework and plan, which draws on evaluation guidelines, principles and standards of the Department for International Development (DFID) and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC). The aim is to set out a theory-based approach to the evaluation of DEEPEN, in order to provide accountability for DEEPEN and help maximise learning for other contexts. There is strong evidence that a majority of primary-aged children in Lagos attend private schools – probably around 70%. This provides a compelling rationale for intervening in the private education sector in Lagos. The costs of private schools vary significantly. It seems likely that many children in private schools, particularly cheaper private schools, are from poor households: private schools are certainly not the preserve of the rich. While parents selecting private schools believe that they provide better-quality education than government schools, neither parents nor anyone else appear to have any solid information on education outcomes (such as exam results or progression) from these private schools. This lack of information on quality means there is great uncertainty about DEEPEN’s likely outcomes. DEEPEN is first programme in the education sector that uses the making markets work for the poor (M4P) approach. This aims to facilitate change in four areas: rules and standards, information, finance and school improvement, while producing results and learning that can inform the government of Lagos’ and other stakeholders’ approach to private sector education in Lagos and elsewhere. DEEPEN aims to improve the quality of education in private schools, and therefore learning outcomes.