National Framework for the Development and Integration of Almajiri Education into UBE Programme


The history of Islamic Education in Nigeria, and indeed of Qur’anic Education, dates back to the early days of Islam. Islamic education takes different forms and scope across the country. In the northern states where it is dominant, it is described by different names such as Tsangaya, Makarantar Allo and Islamiyyah based on its variety of levels and content; whereas in the southern part of Nigeria it is known by the name Ile-Kewu or Ma’had. Children between the ages of 3 and 12 years who attend these categories of schools and that are never in the formal basic education system are normally referred to as Almajirai. The Almajirai (itinerant Qur’anic school pupils) constitute the largest group of out-of-school children in Nigeria. Numbering about 10 million, this segment of the Nigerian population poses tremendous challenges to attaining Education for All (EFA) and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as well as other notable international conventions and protocols. To neglect this group does not only deny them their fundamental rights but also jeopardises the country’s pursuit of her home-grown technological development and economic transformation. The urge to become one of the 20 largest economies of the World by the year 2020 serves as basis for the current drive to achieve the goals of this national framework.