This study examined basic education in Nigeria. The study adopted historical meyhod in which the investigate relied heavily on primary source of dat gathering. In addition, both secondary source of data gathering and structured interviews were used. The study revealed that basic education bought an increase in the pupilss enrollment within the period of study. It also showed that ercentage of qualified teachers within the period of study increased. The pupil/teacher ratio in the country is still very high as against the national policy on Education. The government budget on education is still very low as a rsult of which basic education in the country has not been fully implemented. The sttudy also identified some of the problems facing the full implementation in Nigeria.Such problems include:poor education statistics inadequate infrastructure. Finally the study made some recommendations which include proper and effective monitoring of the basic education programme.