Gender Issues in Basic Education and National Development in Nigeria

Abstract:

Research has shown that education is one of the most effective development investments countries can make. Adequate investments in education facilitate the achievement of most other national development goals and increase the probability that progress will be sustained. Education is also universally acknowledged to benefit individuals and promote national development. Educating females and males produces similar increases in their subsequent earnings and expands future opportunities and choices for both boys and girls. However, educating girls produces many additional socio-economic gains that benefit entire societies. These benefits include increased economic productivity, higher family incomes, delayed marriages, reduced fertility rates, and improved health and survival rates for infants and children. Education builds the human capital that is needed for economic growth. Achieving gender equality in education therefore means that boys and girls will have equal opportunities to realize their full human rights and contribute to and benefit from economic, social, cultural, and political development. It is in the light of the above that this paper attempts to examine the equality of access as well as equality of learning process among boys and girls in the educational sector in Nigeria. The paper will also examine factors inhibiting gender equality in Nigeria education sector. ______________________________________________________________________